|The Skill of Discourse|
|Written by Abdun Nur|
While arguments attempt to show that something is, will be, or should be the case, explanations try to show why or how something is or will be.
Deductive arguments are better viewed as valid or invalid, not true or false, as people are biased by their preconceived beliefs in the truth or falsity of propositions, if an argument is valid, and its (propositions) premises are proved true, the conclusion must be true: a valid argument cannot have true premises and a false conclusion, but may have false premises and so a false conclusion, this is known as a fallacy.
Example of a fallacy:“Spiders crawl into an open mouth; you eat one spider each year while you sleep” (a false premise so a false conclusion)
The premise (proposition) is either:
A priori (meaning from that which comes before); knowledge or justification that is independent of experience.
Example of a priori premise: “Some politicians tell lies as easily as they steal.” (It expresses a statement that one can derive by reason alone)
A posteriori (meaning after the fact) knowledge or justification that is dependent on experience or empirical evidence.
Example of a posteriori premise: “All politicians have sworn an oath to the Crown corporation, not the people they subjugate.” (It expresses an empirical fact unknowable by reason alone)
The relationship of claims, premises, warrants, relations of implication, and conclusion –is not always spelled out and immediately visible, to understand and be able to analyse deductive argument is an essential skill we must all develop, being a requirement of establishing common/natural law.
The three forms of argument.
Sophistry: a specious (pleasing to the eye but deceptive) argument used for deceiving someone.
Example of sophistry:"I am a news broadcaster and make a business out of only telling the truth" (plausible, pleasing and reassuring to the mind by absolutely false)
This form of Superficially plausible argument is defeasible when additional information (such as new counter-reasons) can have the effect that it no longer justifies the conclusion, so destroying the premise.
Sophistry has many methods of application beyond the completely fabricated premise;
Taking negative details and magnify them, while filtering out all positive aspects of a situation.
Example:“Immigrants are involved in crime, are lazy and take from the tax payers” ( Overgeneralization through small negative incidents to support the distorted conclusion)
A single detail may be picked out, and the whole event becomes colored by this detail.
Example:“Muslim terrorists all follow Islam, so Islam is evil” (Global labelling generalizes a judgement so ignores all contrary evidence.
This form of deceptive argument is used primarily in the media, but also in politics and education.
Dialectic debate: The art or practice of logical discussion as employed in investigating the truth of a theory or opinion, based on conflicting ideas. Rhetoric is the art of using language to communicate effectively and persuasively
Devils advocate based debates are commonly utilised by politicians, in which both sides are committed to their viewpoint, as a debate of persuasion, not reasoned conclusion. This encourages polarised thinking which prevents the considering of alternative ideas.
Example:“We must protect the environment by taxing people, and industry, and legislating to restrict abuses to make them reduce their pollution.
We must not restrict industry with environmental protection legislation and environmental taxation, it will stop it from competing in the world market.” (Politicians present no true dichotomised choice, only debate)
Critical Discourse:(to run to and fro) arguments through spoken or written debate from different standpoints and there conclusions to resolution.
This is a formalized way of thinking, and expressing, based upon testing, and critical consideration of evidence and propositions, the real measure of argument is through honest and critical discourse.
Understood as a medium to valid conclusion, discourse functions as a powerful tool through which linguistic conventions social and political beliefs and practices, ideologies, subject positions, and norms can all be mediated.
Discursive practices are needed to establish purpose, knowledge and judgement, making this form of argument an essential tool in life.
Once you have mastered and are practised at critical discourse the identification and establishment of true conclusions can be achieved with confidence.
This is important within common/natural law, as it is based, not on corporate or cannon law, but a twelve peer committee of plea system, assembly and deliberation in the constitution of fairness through tort remedy, this being the true method of operation of the common/natural law of the land.
This natural structure has no place for the dictates of judges or any other administrators of a court, but requires the sound consideration of twelve peers to conclude a reasoned judgement, and then the establishment of a tort (wrongful act) remedy (through the remedy of previous examples similar to the case decided).
|God And Allah|
|The Meaning Of Life|
|Freedom Means Responsibility|
|This Earth Is Precious|
|The Five Pillows Of Islam.|
|The Blinding Light Of Islam Extinguished.|
|Islam Demands Reason.|
|Life After Death. Part One. Jahannam|
|Life After Death part two. Jannah|
|The Unnecessary Energy Crisis: How to Solve It Quickly.|
|The HIV-AIDS Question.|
|INDUCTION AND EXTREME OATH OF THE JESUITS|
|A Debate On Money.|
|The Advent Of The Muslims.|
|Islam A Challenge To Religion.|
|The Three Given Keys Of Existence.|
|The Heavens The Earth And The Qur’an.|
|The Engines of Creation.|
|A Dying Ember|
|Melded Multiple Infinities.|
|A Sadness Within Me.|
|The Dichotomy of humanity; the singular unity of being both Mortal and Immortal.|
|The purpose of humanities creation.|
|Interface With Islam|
|The potentials of Death.|
|Why the banks are failing.|
|The Subjugated Mind.|
|THE BEGINNING OF THE LIE|
|CHAPTER 6 from the book "DESCENT into SLAVERY”|
|Theft: Punishment or Relief|
|The Fractional Reserve Banking System.|
|COSMOS WITHOUT GRAVITATION|
|The Symbols of Religion.|
|The Big Bang, a BIG lie.|
|The formation of a galaxy, evolving a universe.|
|Our Conscious Mind As An Electromagnetic Field|
|THE GEOMETRY OF SPACE|
|Hadith (part one).|
|Hadith Continued (part two).|
|Confessions Of English Spy Who Helped create Wahhabism.|
|Law of Men. (The First Crusade)|
|Rex Offa of Albien (Britain)|
|Constitution of Allah. Transfinite Consciousness.|
|THE REAL REASON WHY WOMEN HAVE BEEN OPPRESSED|
|The Human Soul Nexus.|
|The History of Arabic Grammar.|
|Why do the Innocent suffer, the answer.|
|A Careful Linguistic Analyasis of the term Allah.|
|I skipped, and I danced, and I sang.|
|Who destroyed Alexandria Library?|
|The Empty Vessel.|
|Islam: What is the Quran and Sunnah? (Written in Arabic)|
|The Lie of Hijab. (Written in Arabic)|
|Human Energy Economic System.|
|Aspartame is Rumsfeld's Disease: A Politically-Induced Biochemical Disaster Of Global Proportions.|
|Establishing the Islamic Community.|
|Sovereignty is with Allah alone|
|University community model.|
|COMPLAINTS OF CONVERTS|
|The Skill of Discourse|
|The Natural Rights Clothes Shop|
|Meanings of Terms of law|
|A simple Lexicon investigation of a single verse of the Qur'an|
|The Onion of Ownership.|
|Police State: What is a police Officer?|
|Free Energy Plasma Engine|
|Part One. The Writ|
|Part Three: Moot Administrators of Tortious Relief|
|Part Four - Wite and Surety Bonds|
|Eight point community plan|
|Equitable Allodial Utilisation (overview)|
|Proposed Method of Allodium Witnessed Declaration|
|Affidavit of Allodium Witnessed Declaration|
|‘Bona Gestura’ Bond of Allodarii|
|Notice of pursuance of Allodium Witnessed Declaration|
|Declaration of Allodial Utilisation|
|Polycentric community (overview)|
|Surety Bond (overview)|
|Reciprocated Agreement of Surety Bond|
|Allodial Labour Trading (overview)|
|The Repository (overview)|
|Bonded Cooperative Business System|
|Plenary Allodium Utilisation Averment|
|Cooperative Assurance System|
|Cooperative Car Assurance|
|The Fraud of War|
|The Fraud of Democracy|
|The Fraud of Sovereignty|
|The Third State of Consciousness|
|Inherent Power (short overview)|
|How a Substantive Moot of Inherent Power Functions through Axioms of the Land|
|Part Five - Tort - Duty of Care - Outcast|
|The System Second Series|
|The Law, Courts and Jurisdiction|
|The Fraud of Copyright|
|The Fraud of Government|
|The Fraud of Capitalism|
|The Court System versus the Moot System|
|A Duty of Care|
|The Concept and Structure of Polycentric community|
|The Fraud of Economics|
|The Protected Paedophiles, Child Rapists, Child Torturers, and Child Murders of the British Establis|
|Tortious Relief Arbitration|
|Unilateral Bond of Repository Administrator|
|The Fraud of the Hospital System|
|Hemp Drugs Commission Report, completed in 1894|
|A Bonded Militia|
|Duty of Care Trading Declaration (food)|
|Bonded Cooperative Networks|
|Freedom or Slavery|
|Part Six - Relief, Recourse and the Jury|